Certificate in information technology
Information technology covers the transmission, sharing and storage of information and data through network systems, databases and the Internet. Professionals in the field set up local area networks, design computer systems and develop information security systems.
For many information technology careers, a bachelor's degree is a typical requirement, but completion of certificate or associate's degree programs may be sufficient for a few positions. Alternately, individuals interested in careers in research, management or postsecondary teaching careers may need to earn master's or doctoral degrees. These programs typically cover computer science, systems security, information science, computer programming, computer engineering, database management, security fundamentals and statistics. Some programs include courses offered through distance learning.
Graduates of information technology programs may find careers as computer security specialists, computer system analysts, computer support specialists, computer system designers, computer programmers or database administrators. Certifications are offered by some hardware and software companies and other organizations, including CompTIA, Microsoft, Cisco and others. Certification usually requires training and testing, and those who hold these credentials can show potential employers their proficiency in particular areas.