Wollega University is one of the public higher educational institutions established at Nekemte in 2007. It is located 328 km West of Addis Ababa at the outskirt of Nekemte town on the 150 hectares of land surrounded by evergreen forest and natural scenery of landscape, and spectacular view of mount Komto. At present, the University, runs 60 undergraduate, and 17 graduate programs in three different campuses at Nekemte, Gimbi and Shambu towns.
On Sunday, May 27, 2007, thousands of Ethiopians including Abadula Gemeda, the then President of the Oromia Region, gathered in Nekemte to celebrate the official inauguration of Wollega University. The institution is one of the new Public Universities that was to be established under the University Capacity Building Program (UCBP).