The University of Dschang is located in West Cameroon, about 425 kilometers northwest of Yaounde. It has its roots in three agricultural training schools, and evolved from an agricultural institution to a university in 1993.
In 1977, the government of Cameroon authorized the creation of university centers at locations in Cameroon. The University Center at Dschang, was created by Presidential Decree No. 77/108 of April 28, 1977. In May 1978 ENSA in Yaounde and the Institute for Agricultural Technologies in Dschang were incorporated into the UCDs. ENSA was to be transferred to Dschang as soon as possible. These two institutions were later merged into a single academic entity "The National Institute of Rural Development".
In 1979-80, the US government, in exchanges with the Cameroon government, decided to provide assistance to UCDs. In 1981, the University of Florida was selected on a competitive basis to design that assistance, through what was named the Agricultural Education Project.
In 1993, the UCD was transformed into the University of Dschang.